Blue Keystone
Pennsylvania Projects - Pennsylvania Geology - Dig into it

Geology of Pennsylvania, on the DCNR web site, is a good resource for this activity.

1. Describe the landforms of the physiographic province of your county.


2. Name two common fossils found in Pennsylvania.


Which ones have you found/seen?


What is the state fossil of Pennsylvania?


During a walk in a field, you discover a fossil. It looks like the shells of the clams you eat at a summer picnic.
What does this tell you about the geologic history of the area?


3. Name a mineral, found in Pennsylvania, that is important to the Commonwealth's economy.


Name three of the eight minerals that were found in Pennsylvania before they were found anyplace else.


Where must you travel to add a specimen of one of them to your collection.


Examine the Geologic Map of Pennsylvania. (Just after page 14)
What kind of rocks will you find in your county?


4. What is sedimentary rock?


How is conglomerate formed?


5. Coal is an important mineral in Pennsylvania's history. (page 21)

When was this coal formed?


What are the two kinds of Pennsylvania coal called? Describe each.



Where are the major deposits of each found?


5. How are sinkholes formed in Pennsylvania? Sinkholes at USGS


Use the Sinkhole Inventory and Online Database to ascertain how many sinkholes are located in your county.


Examine the issue - Sinkhole growing problem in Allentown | Sinkhole closes road | Sinkhole Found at Shawnee Elementary School | Sinkhole shuts down track and field

6. Glacial Geology in Pennsylvania

Write four facts about glaciers and the Ice Age in Pennsylvania.


What evidence would you look for to see if the glaciers had been in your community?


What impact does local geology have in a community? Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition


7. List the fossil fuels found in Pennsylvania.



8. When you buy or sell a home in Pennsylvania, you must have a radon test done. Why?


9. Describe the processes that formed a Pennsylvania geologic structure or resource.
(Examples: mountains, glacial formations, water gaps, ridges, oil, gas, coal)


10. Research indicated. Select a soil type. (i.e., humus, topsoil, subsoil, loam, loess, and parent material).
Describe its characteristics (i.e., particle size, porosity, permeability) and where it would
be found in biomes and in Pennsylvania. Explain how it was formed.


11. Your mom read in the newspaper that people are buying gas well drilling rights from people
in Pennsylvania. She wonders if there could be natural gas under your family's land.
Check out the appropriate GIS map to decide.


12. Geologists can work in many different career paths. Name three. Describe their role in one of them.




Explore the Heritage Geology sites in Pennsylvania | Earth Layers Internet activity | Crude Oil more than gas | Gems and Minerals

DCNR - Pennsylvania Geology Magazine - article about Marcellus Shale 2012 Summer v. 42, no. 2

Bedrock geology digital data - GIS | Rock box info - Pa. Geological Survey | Rock & Mineral hunt | Rock Cycle | Virtual Dating

Watersheds | Map PA Waters | Lentic or Lotic Activity | Fresh Water in Pennsylvania | Colored map of Earth's topography

Green Maps Around the World | Oil Production History | What should be done about the gas and oil royalties? | Drought Presentation

map of pennsylvania showing geologic features

Internet Hunts / Nature / Pennsylvania Projects / Computers / Famous Pennsylvanians
Plants and People / Puzzles & Projects / Site map / Home

Posted 1/2007 by Cynthia J. O'Hora This work is released to the public domain

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